A History of Chemistry by J. R. Partington

By J. R. Partington

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Que in later eds. * PhU. , 1674, ix, 187; Ferguson, i, 70, says the two books were first issued in 1674. * Ferguson, i, 170. BARBA 41 when Henrique Guarces, a Portuguese, recognised the ore, which was then carried to Mexico for use in silver refining. Mercury so made was used at Potosi from 1571. In the process described by Acosta and Herrera the cinnabar was stamped and heated in luted clay pots over a grass fire, the mercury condensed on the upper part being removed when cold after opening the pot.

Reprinted 1729, 1770- The work was kept secret in Spain but a copy was obtained by Edward Mon­ tague, first Earl of Sandwich (1660), when ambass'kdor extraordinary to Spain, who translated two of the five books into English in 1669: T h e F irst Book o f the A r t o f M ettals, In W h ich is Declared the manner o f their Generation; and the Concomitants o f T h e m . . T h e Second Book o f the A r t o f M etals, W herin is T au g h t the Com m on W a y o f Refining Silver b y Q u icksilver..

J. de Laet, Amsterdam, 1649, 240-52. ’ Mimoires & Recueil des nombres, poids, mesitres, & mormoyes anciennes ^ modemes, S**, Palis, 1595, q. by Gobet, 1779, i, 15. Bergman, Edinburgh, 1791, iii, 114; Wiegleb, (i), 1792, 164. Hofmann, 1905,35. 45 deposits and rejects the old idea — still believed by Boyle (p. 506) — that rock crystal is formed from water by intense frost (satis intelligimus ex sola aqua non gigni lapidem ullum), mentions Hecla as an active volcano and ex­ plains the origin of minerals and certain rocks as due to a petrifying juice {succus lapidescens')} IIL De natura eorum qui effluent ex terray libri I I I I This deals with water, mine gases, volcanic eruptions and exhalations.

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