By Elizabeth Fee, Daniel M. Fox
The AIDS epidemic has posed extra pressing old questions than the other sickness of recent occasions. How have societies replied to epidemics some time past? Why did the sickness emerge while and the place it did? How has it unfold between participants of specific teams? and the way will the prior impact the future—in specific, what does the background of scientific technological know-how and public wellbeing and fitness let us know approximately our skill to manage the epidemic and finally to remedy the disease?
Historical equipment of inquiry switch, and those that use those tools frequently disagree on conception and perform. certainly, the members to this quantity carry a number of evaluations on arguable historiographic matters. yet they percentage 3 very important rules: wary adherence to the "social constructionist" view of prior and current; profound skepticism approximately historicism's concept of growth; and wariness approximately "presentism," the distortion of the earlier via seeing it merely from the perspective of the present.
Each of the twelve essays addresses a side of the burdens of background throughout the AIDS epidemic. via "burdens" is intended the inescapable importance of occasions long ago for the current. All of those occasions are similar not directly to the present epidemic and will support make clear the complicated social and cultural responses to the hindrance of AIDS.
This assortment illuminates current issues at once and forcefully with out sacrificing recognition to historic element and to the variations among previous and current events. It reminds us that the various matters now being debated—quarantine, exclusion, public wishes and personal rights—have their parallels some time past. it will be a massive publication for social historians and common readers in addition to for historians of medication.
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Additional resources for AIDS: The Burdens of History
In 1966 the federal government made provision for civil commitment through the Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act. All of these programs for massive detention of addicts failed legislators' expectations: Detention proved expensive and the rehabilitation rate was quite low. For our purposes—that is, to compare these latter measures with the possibility of quarantine in response to the AIDS epidemic—it is worth emphasizing that a group without an explicit ethnic affiliation but marked by a primary, and much feared, trait— addiction—was seen to deserve confinement "for the protection of society" by no less a champion of personal liberties than Justice Douglas.
Reese, Epidemic Cholera , 59. 56. Atkins, Reports , 66. 57. Reese, Epidemic Cholera , 62. 58. Atkins, Reports , 15, 93. 59. , 94; see also Reese, Epidemic Cholera , 59. 58. Atkins, Reports , 15, 93. 59. , 94; see also Reese, Epidemic Cholera , 59. 60. Atkins, Reports , 94. 61. Martyn Paine, Letters on the cholera asphyxia as it has appeared in the City of New York (New York: Collins and Hannay, 1832), 45. 62. Gardiner Spring, A Sermon Preached August 3 , 1832 (New York: Leavitt, 1832). 63. Atkins, Reports , 68.
92. New York Times , 9 July 1916. 93. Emerson, "Some practical considerations," American Journal of Medical Sciences 153 (1917): 168. 94. New York City Department of Health, A Monograph on the Epidemic of Poliomyelitis in New York City in 1916 (New York: Brown, 1917), 40. 95. Emerson, "Some practical considerations," American Journal of Medical Sciences 153 (1917): 162. 96. New York Times , 23 July 1916. 97. The Health Department usually employed nurses for the removal of children suspected of suffering from polio, "as it has been found that mothers would surrender their infants to other women, when they would not let men take them away," New York Times , 10 July 1916.