Analytical Comparison of the Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, and by Franz Bopp

By Franz Bopp

The booklet in 1816 of Bopp’s Über das Conjugationssystem should be thought of the start of a scientific comparability of Indo-European languages, and therefore as having led too the advance of the learn of language as a technological know-how, distinctive from philology. The Analytical Comparison (1820) represents no longer basically a translation into English, as has been claimed within the literature, yet an important develop in theoretical readability and methodological soundness.
This reprint is observed via a bio-bibliographical account of Bopp via J. D. Guigniaut, an advent to Analytical Comparison via Friedrich Techmer, and a letter to Bopp via Wilhelm von Humboldt. moreover, the editor, E. F. okay. Koerner, has extra a Foreword, decide upon bibliography, and index.

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Additional resources for Analytical Comparison of the Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, and Teutonic Languages, shewing the original identity of their grammatical structure

Example text

Ber ANAL. COMP. an den Vf. gerichtet und den Herr LEFMANN mir gef. überlassen hat. 1 BOPP kehrte nun nach Deutschland zurück und verlebte einen Winter in GÖTTINGEN , wo er eine Selbstanzeige für die GÖTTINGER GEL. , 1821, schrieb. In der Anzeige sagt B. S. : 'Diese Abh. ist z. T. eine Umarbeitung der deutschen Schrift über das KONJUGATIONSSYSTEM DER SKRSPR. IN VGL. , LAT. , von welcher sie sich in der Darstellung hauptsächlich dadurch unterscheidet, daß sie die Grammatik der vgl. Sprr. g l e i c h z e i t i g entwickelt, wodurch eine leichtere Übersicht der Über­ einstimmungen gewonnen wird.

In 8*. 3. Système comparatif d'accentuation, suivi dune exposition sommaire des concordances grammaticales du sanscrit et du grec, 1854, grand in-8°. Ce dernier traité avait déjà paru en abrégé dans le journal de Kuhn, tome III, 1854, . 1-26, sous le nom d e : Compa­ raison de l'accentuation grecque et de l'accentuation sanscrite. II. — RÉIMPRESSION D'ARTICLES. Vocalismus ou critique de linguistique comparée sur la grammaire allemande de Grimm et le trésor de l'ancien haut-allemand de Graff, avec les bases d'une nouvelle théorie de la phonétique.

Quoique Bopp ait donné pour but à son ouvrage la compa­ raison et l'explication des formes grammaticales dans les langues indo-européennes, il ne faudrait pas croire qu'il ait négligé, comme la plupart des grammairiens spéciaux, de traiter des racines, l'élément fondamental du langage. Elles étaient à ses yeux, comme elles sont dans le fait, la condition première de la formation des mots. Seulement, lui qui, pour les flexions, pour certaines variations des voyelles, entendait tout expliquer par des lois naturelles et repoussait, comme nous l'avons vu, toute idée de mystère, il s'arrête, dit-il ex­ pressément, devant celui des racines.

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